Exploration of Balkan biodiversity of Capsicum spp. to extract biotic stress resistant germplasm

Acronym: Capsicum Balkan biodiversity
Project ID: ERA 226
Funding including national funding and EC funding:
Total costs: 150,000 SEE-ERA.NET PLUS funding: 137,400
Project duration: 01.10.2010 / 30.09.2012

Summary:
Pepper (Capsicum annuum var. annuum L.) is one of the most important Solanaceous crop for Balkan region. Bulgaria, due to its unique climate conditions and breeding traditions, is appeared as a second center of its formation. A great number of local populations with specific characteristics for shape, colour, taste and biological value are grown in different regions of Balkan countries together with main production cultivars. Partially the old native forms are not within attention of the sort maintenance selection, but they are preserved in limited area and represent valuable genetic resources. One of the most important problems affecting pepper production in the Balkan peninsula is the occurrence of common pathogens causing severe diseases and epidemics resulting in reduced and compromised yield. This region is also characterized with endemic pathogen strains and races on pepper and other vegetables. The strategic objective of the project is: to collect, describe and explore the excising Capsicum biodiversity in the Balkan countries involved in the project (Albania, Bulgaria, FYR Macedonia, Greece and Serbia) related to valuable traits including resistance to pathogens, widely spread and economically important for this crop in the region; to create basic collection of local accessions and the respective database for more detailed and profound future collaborative investigations and breeding programs; to update knowledge about the most economically important and emerging pathogens on Capsicum in Balkan region and to form pathogen collection; to develop database, concerning the pepper pathogen occurrence in the mentioned regions; to identify areas at differing pathogen risk in the involved Balkan countries; to define risks related to introduction of new pathogen biotypes by trading. The generated from this study data, knowledge and collections will serve as a solid basis for effective preservation, management and exploitation of Balkan pepper germplasm resources.

Partners involved:

Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics
Institute of Genetics/Department of Applied Genetics and of Cytogenetics
Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., Bl. 21
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Dr. Rossitza Rodeva rrodeva@yahoo.com

Agricultural University of Tirana/Faculty of Agriculture and Environment,Department of Plant Protection
Koder Kamez, Tirane
2001 Tirana, Albania
Prof. Jordan Merkuri j_merkuri@hotmail.com

Institute of Plant Genetic Resources
2 Drujba str.
4122 Sadovo, Bulgaria
Prof. Liliya Krasteva krasteva_ipgr@abv.bg

Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute/Breeding Department
32 Brezovsko shosse
4003 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Dr. Dimitrina Kostova dkostova2000@yahoo.com

Goce Delcev University-Stip, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department
Krste Misirkov bb
2000 Stip, FYR of Macedonia
Prof. Ilija Karov kIlija.karov@ugd.edu.mk

Plant Protection Institute of Patras - NAGREF
Plant Protection Institute of Patras/Virology Lab.
NEO & Amerikis
26004 Patras, Greece
Dr. Ioannis Manoussopoulos inmiz@nagref.gr

Centre for Vegetable Crops, Smederevska Palanka
Centre for Vegetable Crops/Department for Vegetable Genetics and Breeding
71 Karadjordjeva Str.
11420 Smederevska Palanka, Serbia
Dr. Dejan Cvikic dcvikic@institut-palanka.co.rs