Towards the preservation of autochthonous grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties in WBC

Acronym: Vitis-WBC
Project ID: ERA 155
Funding including national funding and EC funding:
Total costs: 206,050 € SEE-ERA.NET PLUS funding: 129,371 €
Project duration: 01.10.2010 / 30.09.2012

Summary:
There are a thousand grapevine cultivars representing regionally typical cultivars established over the years, but a few worldwide successful cultivars now predominate in all major wine producing regions. There is a significant shift in varietal structure in favour of modern cultivars and, consequently, a reduction in Vitis germplasm variability. A similar process can be seen in the WBC, so preservation of autochthonous grapevine varieties is very important and should be carried out in the most effective way. Their preservation is important in view of their breeding or technological potentials and as genetic resources for still unknown requirements in the future. Varieties with favourable characteristics could thus be chosen for further selection, although their authenticity as unique local varieties should be carefully examined. Our proposed work of molecular characterization of autochthonous grapevines will be a first step towards true-to-type identification and will contribute to the identification of varieties and help to determine the origin and relationships among varieties over the whole WB region. The main objective of this proposal is the genetic characterization of collected varieties using molecular (SSR) markers, which are a proven system for Vitis genotyping. These analyses will provide a means for comparison of analysed grapevine varieties from WBC with grapevine varieties in the European SSR database. The obtained molecular characterization data will be linked to a joint Vitis web-database. An additional aim of this proposal is the transfer of SSR technology to partner laboratories by improving scientific and technical skills in modern molecular genetics and thus enhancing the competence of partners’ scientists in this particular field. The overall exchange of knowledge and information among partners will be of equal importance to the successful accomplishment of the tasks of the proposed project.

Partners involved:

University of Ljubljana (Biotechnical Faculty)
Agronomy Department
Kongresni trg 12
1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Prof. Branka Javornik branka.javornik@bf.uni-lj.si

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad
Department of Fruit Science, Viticulture, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
Trg Dositeja Obradovica 8
21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Prof. Nada Korac korac@polj.uns.ac.rs

Genetic Resources Institute, Univ. of Banjaluka
Genetic Resources Institute
Bulevar vojvode Petra Bojovica 1A
78000 Banjaluka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ms. Lidija Tomic lidijatomic@gmail.com

Fac. of Agric. Sciences and Food, Univ. Sts. Cyril
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food
Bul. Aleksandar Makedonski b.b.
1000 Skopje, FYR of Macedonia
Prof. Elizabeta Angelova angelovaelizabeta@yahoo.com